Mr. Guterres said that the life will be hard in future if we allowed such threatening weapons in possession of various countries as this will put the future of our children in great danger. Besides Japan, most USA allies - nearly all NATO members, South Korea and Australia - also did not participate in the talks on the treaty.
According to UN Secretary-General António Guterres [official profile], 15,000 nuclear weapons remain in existence, and many nuclear-armed member nations such as the US, UK and France have refused to agree to the treaty.
Two anti-nuclear weapons campaigners scaled the entrance awning of Australia's foreign ministry and unfurled a banner yesterday to protest the government's failure to endorse a United Nations (UN) nuclear disarmament treaty.
"Our signing of the treaty today affirms our unequivocal commitment to put nuclear weapons firmly on the path of extinction, a cause of the highest priority embodied in our country's Constitution", he said.
But, like the signers of the treaty, we should recognize that the danger of nuclear annihilation will persist as long as any nations possess nuclear weapons.
Fifty countries at the United Nations Wednesday signed a treaty prohibiting nuclear weapons, the Associated Press reports. Rather, supporters hope, the treaty's widespread acceptance elsewhere will eventually increase the public pressure and stigma of harboring and threatening to use such weapons of unspeakable destruction, and make holdouts reconsider their positions. It will keep us on track for achieving our goal of a world in which nuclear weapons exist only in movies or books.
"Accession to the ban treaty is incompatible with the policy of nuclear deterrence, which has been essential to keeping the peace in Europe and North Asia for over 70 years", the statement went on.
While the treaty itself will not immediately eliminate any nuclear weapons, the treaty can, over time, further delegitimize nuclear weapons and strengthen the legal and political norm against their use.
Similarly, South Africa abandoned development of nuclear arms prior the end of apartheid, and Libya did likewise under Muammar Gaddafi.
The treaty may affect other global treaties, such as the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, which recognizes the US, Russia, France, China, and the United Kingdom as the sole nuclear powers.
Protesters hold anti-nuclear flags upon the arrival of the Pacific Egret cargo vessel, left in background, carrying MOX, a mixture of plutonium and uranium fuel, at Takahama nuclear power plant in Takahama, western Japan, Thursday, Sept. 21, 2017.
The President of the General Assembly said "It will raise awareness about the risks of nuclear weapons". Non-nuclear signatory states are prohibited to deploy in their national territories the nuclear weapons of third countries.
There are strong suggestions some states, such as Saudi Arabia, wish to possess nuclear weapons, but conclusive evidence and/or proof of these ambitions remains elusive. "We are one of the main movers of this treaty".